Pulse Sensor/ Heartbeat Rate/ Heart rate measurement using Arduino & Bluetooth

(Last Updated On: October 26, 2019)

Heart rate Bluetooth

Description:

In this Tutorial, you will learn how to wirelessly monitor the Heartbeat rate or Heartbeats per minute using the Pulse Sensor, Arduino, a 16×2 LCD and HC 05 or HC 06 Bluetooth Module. This is version 2 of the Heartbeats monitoring system.

While in version1 of the heartbeats monitoring system I explained how you can get the stable BPM values, in which I practically demonstrated how the BPM values changes when we start breathing fast and slow. In version1 of the heartbeats monitoring system I also explained under what circumstances you get unstable values. So for the best understanding I recommend first you should watch version1, in which I explained the extreme basics and then you can resume from here.


The components and tools used in this project can be purchased from Amazon, the components Purchase links are given below:

Arduino Uno: https://amzn.to/2tVz1vu
Mega 2560: https://amzn.to/2ze1kdu
Bluetooth Module HC-05: https://amzn.to/2Me0hkp
Pulse Sensor / HRM / BPM : https://amzn.to/2HzjIQ2
16×2 lcd: https://amzn.to/2FcXuUS
Potentiometer: https://amzn.to/2JSLbfg
2n2222 npn transistors: https://amzn.to/2EmXsIb
10k Resistor: https://amzn.to/2KTd6OW
lm7805 Voltage Regulator: https://amzn.to/2IZEl5x
330-ohm resistors pack: https://amzn.to/2NtlAeh
female DC power jack socket: https://amzn.to/2KEo1gt
470 uf capacitors: https://amzn.to/2xDCOzf
5×7 cm vero board: https://amzn.to/2OHGbvn
female headers: https://amzn.to/2zqmtiJ
connection wires: https://amzn.to/2DpBuW7
Super Starter kit for Beginners: https://amzn.to/2KJvmKG
Jumper Wires: https://amzn.to/2KMoVXs
Bread Board: https://amzn.to/2MS4q8X
12v Adaptor: https://amzn.to/2Ntr6h1
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Variable Supply: https://amzn.to/2MT4Qfj
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*Please Note: These are affiliate links. I may make a commission if you buy the components through these links. I would appreciate your support in this way!

Pulse Sensor / Heart rate / Heartbeats monitoring Sensor:

Heart rate Bluetooth

This is the Pulse sensor which is also known as the heart rate monitoring sensor. This sensor module is provided with the transmitter and receiver leds. the light-absorbing property of Hemoglobin is used in the measurement of heart rate. Light from a green LED on the underside of the monitor is shown on blood vessels just under the skin. The light that is not absorbed but reflected back is captured by a Photodetector.  Photodetector produces an electrical signal when light strikes it. This analog signal is converted into a digital signal, and slight changes of this signal are used to measure the heart rate.


Heart rate Bluetooth

As you can see this pulse sensor has three male headers which are labeled with S, + and -. S is the Signal pin and will be connected with the analog pin of the Arduino. plus pin which is the middle pin is the VCC pin and this pin will be connected with the Arduino’s 3.3 or 5volts. While the minus pin is the ground pin and this pin will be connected with the Arduino’s Ground.


Heart rate Bluetooth Circuit Diagram:

Heart rate Bluetooth

The HC 05 Bluetooth module +5volt or VCC pin is connected with the Arduino’s 5 volts, the ground of the Bluetooth module is connected with the Arduino’s ground. Connect Rx of the Bluetooth module with pin number 1 of the Arduino and connect the Tx of the Bluetooth module with pin number 0 of the Arduino.


As you can see ground is connected with pin number 1, 5 and pin number 16…5v from arduino is connected with pin number 2 and pin number 15…the middle pin of the variable resistor or potentiometer is connected with pin number 3 of the lcd…while the other two pins are connected with the ground and 5v. Pin’s 4 to 7 of the Arduino are connected with pins D7 to D4 of the lcd.

Pin number 8 of the Arduino is connected with the enable pin of the lcd….pin number 9 of the arduino is connected with the RS pin of lcd…

The vcc pin of the pulse sensor is connected with the 5v, but you can also connect this with 3.3v. the S pin of the pulse sensor is connected with the analog pin A0 and the ground pin of the pulse sensor is connected with the Arduino’s ground. Now let’s discuss the programming.


Download Heart rate Bluetooth App: pulse sensor heartbeat rate app

 Programming:

Before you start the Programming first of all make sure you download the library for the Pulse sensor. Watch Video tutorial for the library installation. The video is given at the end of this Article.

This is the same exact program which I have already explained in version1 of the heartbeats monitoring system. I didn’t even change a signal instruction. The modification is only on the hardware side. As you can see in the programming, I am sending the text and values to the Bluetooth module using the Serial communication. So this time I am using the Arduino’s default Serial port for the communication with the Bluetooth Module. If you don’t want to use the Arduino’s default serial port then you can use the Softwareserial library to create another port. I have a very detailed tutorial on how to create the multiple serial ports using the softwareserial library.


Watch Video Tutorial:

 

Other Related Project:

Pulse Sensor/ Heartbeat Rate (BPM) measurement using Arduino & Pulse Sensor “Stable BPM value”

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About the Author: Engr Fahad

My name is Shahzada Fahad and I am an Electrical Engineer. I have been doing Job in UAE as a site engineer in an Electrical Construction Company. Currently, I am running my own YouTube channel "Electronic Clinic", and managing this Website. My Hobbies are * Watching Movies * Music * Martial Arts * Photography * Travelling * Make Sketches and so on...

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