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Sensors Data on Graphs using Arduino and vb.net

Description:

sensors data on graphs

This is a very detailed step by step Tutorial on How to make your own Real-time Weather Station using Arduino, DHT11 Temperature and Humidity Sensor, and Visual Basic .net (vb.net). In this tutorial, you will learn how to read sensors’ values and then display these values on a Graph. This project is basically based on how to display the sensor’s data on graphs.

Recently, I posted another article, which I sent the Temperature and Humidity values to the ThingSpeak IoT Platform and displayed the values on the Charts. In this project, the Nodemcu ESP8266 WiFi Module is used.

In this tutorial, the famous dht11 Temperature and Humidity sensor will be used to access the temperature and humidity values. Then we will use these values to make a real-time weather station and display the temperature and humidity values on the Graph.

In this Tutorial, we will also cover the complete circuit diagram explanation, components soldering, Arduino Uno programming, visual basic application designing, and programming, and finally testing. This Tutorial will help you in the future, in designing advanced level projects.

For Complete step by step explanation Watch video Tutorial given at the end.


Amazon Links:

12v Adaptor:

Arduino Uno

Arduino Nano

Mega 2560:

DHT11 Temperature and Humidity Module:

Other Tools and Components:

Top Arduino Sensors:

Super Starter kit for Beginners

Digital Oscilloscopes

Variable Supply

Digital Multimeter

Soldering iron kits

PCB small portable drill machines

*Please Note: These are affiliate links. I may make a commission if you buy the components through these links. I would appreciate your support in this way!

DHT11 Temperature and Humidity Sensor:

sensors data on graphs

As we know that dht11 Temperature and Humidity Sensor has four pins, pin number1 is the Vdd power supply and can be connected with 5v. pin number2 is the data, pin number3 is not connected, and pin number4 is connected with the ground.


DHT11 connection with Arudino, Circuit Diagram:

Display Sensors data on Graphs

sensors data on graphs

This is the basic connection diagram of the dht11 temperature and humidity sensor. This circuit diagram is designed in cadesoft eagle, if you want to learn how to make schematics and PCB, then watch my tutorial.

So as you know that the dht11 sensor has 4 pins, and out of 4 pins only the 3 pins are used. As you can see in the circuit diagram the pin number 3 is not connected. Pin number1 is connected with Arduino’s 5volt. Pin2 will be connected with pin12 of the Arduino. You can also see a 10K resistor, which is connected between pin1 and pin2. Pin number 3 is not connected and pin number 4 will be connected with the Arduino’s GND.

For the Circuit diagram complete explanation and Soldering Watch video Tutorial.


DHT11 Arduino and Vb.net Programm:

Display the Sensors data on graphs

This project is based on two programs, one program is written for the Arduino while another program is written for the computer application in vb.net.

DHT11 Arduino Programming:

#include "DHT.h"

#define DHTPIN 12     // what pin we're connected to

//Uncomment whatever the type of sensor we are using. 
#define DHTTYPE DHT11   // DHT 11 
//#define DHTTYPE DHT22   // DHT 22  (AM2302)
//#define DHTTYPE DHT21   // DHT 21 (AM2301)

// Connect pin 1 (on the left) of the sensor to +5V
// NOTE: If using a board with 3.3V logic like an Arduino Due connect pin 1
// to 3.3V instead of 5V!
// Connect pin 2 of the sensor to whatever your DHTPIN is 
// pin3 of the sensor is not connected
// Connect pin 4 (on the right) of the sensor to GROUND
// Connect a 10K resistor from pin 2 (data) to pin 1 (power) of the sensor

// Initialize DHT sensor for normal 16mhz Arduino
DHT dht(DHTPIN, DHTTYPE);


String TextForSms ;
String humidity = " Humidity: %";
String temperature = "   Temperature";
String sign = " *C";

char fromc; // character from computer

void setup() {
  Serial.begin(9600); 
 // Serial.println("DHT11 test!");
 
  dht.begin();
}

void loop() {
  // Wait a few seconds between measurements.
  delay(2000);

  // Reading temperature or humidity takes about 250 milliseconds!
  // Sensor readings may also be up to 2 seconds 'old' (its a very slow sensor)
  int h = dht.readHumidity();
  // Read temperature as Celsius
  int t = dht.readTemperature();
  // Read temperature as Fahrenheit
  int f = dht.readTemperature(true);
  
  // Check if any reads failed and exit early (to try again).
  if (isnan(h) || isnan(t) || isnan(f)) {
    Serial.println("Failed to read from DHT sensor!");
    return;
  }

  // Compute heat index
  // Must send in temp in Fahrenheit!
  int hi = dht.computeHeatIndex(f, h);


  
   TextForSms = TextForSms + t + "," + h + ","; // sorry comma
Serial.println(TextForSms); 
     TextForSms = ""; 
   delay(1000);   
 


}

Application Designing and Programming:

sensors data on graphs

This is how the final form looks.

For the step b step application design watch video Tutorial given at the end of this article.


Imports System.IO
Imports System.IO.Ports

Public Class Form1

    Dim value1 As Decimal
    Dim value2 As Decimal


    Private Sub Form1_Load(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles MyBase.Load

        SerialPort1.Close()
        SerialPort1.PortName = "com8"
        SerialPort1.BaudRate = "9600"
        SerialPort1.DataBits = 8
        SerialPort1.Parity = Parity.None
        SerialPort1.StopBits = StopBits.One
        SerialPort1.Handshake = Handshake.None
        SerialPort1.Encoding = System.Text.Encoding.Default
        SerialPort1.Open()
    End Sub



    Private Sub Timer1_Tick(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles Timer1.Tick
        Dim s As String

        s = TextBox1.Text + "," + "," + "," + ","

        Dim somestring() As String
        ' Split string based on comma
        somestring = s.Split(New Char() {","c})

        TextBox2.Text = somestring(0)
        Try
            value1 = Convert.ToDecimal(TextBox2.Text)

        Catch ex As Exception
            TextBox1.Text = ""
        End Try

        TextBox3.Text = somestring(1)
        Try
            value2 = Convert.ToDecimal(TextBox3.Text)

        Catch ex As Exception
            TextBox1.Text = ""
        End Try
        TextBox4.Text = somestring(2)
 

        Chart1.Series("Humidity").Points.AddY(value2)
        Chart1.Series("Temperature").Points.AddY(value1)
        TextBox1.Text = ""



    End Sub

    Private Sub DataReceived(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As SerialDataReceivedEventArgs) Handles SerialPort1.DataReceived


        Try

            Dim mydata As String = ""
            mydata = SerialPort1.ReadExisting()

            If TextBox1.InvokeRequired Then
                TextBox1.Invoke(DirectCast(Sub() TextBox1.Text &= mydata, MethodInvoker))
            Else
                TextBox1.Text &= mydata
            End If
        Catch ex As Exception
            MessageBox.Show(ex.Message)
        End Try
    End Sub


End Class


Watch Video Tutorial:

Engr Fahad

My name is Shahzada Fahad and I am an Electrical Engineer. I have been doing Job in UAE as a site engineer in an Electrical Construction Company. Currently, I am running my own YouTube channel "Electronic Clinic", and managing this Website. My Hobbies are * Watching Movies * Music * Martial Arts * Photography * Travelling * Make Sketches and so on...

2 Comments

  1. Dear Engr,

    Many thanks your tutor, but when I use your method, my text box just receive first data and then the text box can not still work, can you teach me how to save this problem?

    Best Regards,

  2. for me, it works best. but if you don’t know how to handle the timer. then don’t use the timer, just use the textchanged event. there are so many other tutorials available on my channel, explaining how to split the string.

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