3 Phase Transformer Load Monitoring using Arduino, ACS712 and VB.net

(Last Updated On: October 19, 2019)

3 phase transformer

Description:

In this tutorial, you will learn how to make a 3 phase transformer prototype model and monitor the load on each phase using a computer application designed in a visual basic dot net, which is also known as vb.net. The load on each phase is measured using the ACS712 Current sensor, and the final calculated values are sent serially to the computer application using Arduino. Due to the unavailability of the 3 phase transformer, I will make my own 3 phase transformer prototype using 3 single-phase transformers. The designed project can be used with the real 3 phase transformer without any problem. The load on 3 phases “Red, Yellow, and Blue” of the Transformer is monitored using the ACS712 current sensors.


This tutorial covers

  1. Soldering
  2. ACS712 current sensors Interfacing with Arduino
  3. Load monitoring Arduino programming
  4. net Programming and finally
  5. Testing

Note: for the step by step project explanation you can watch video Tutorial given at the End of this Article.

Cautions: This project makes use of the 220/230 Vac Supply. Make sure you use the Protection Gloves. If you are a beginner then ask someone who has complete command on Electronics. Don’t touch any wires while the Transformers are turned ON.

The components and tools used in this project can be purchased from Amazon, the components Purchase links are given below:

Arduino Uno: https://amzn.to/2tVz1vu
Mega 2560: https://amzn.to/2ze1kdu
PVC strip connectors: https://amzn.to/2Xqd70o
Connection wires: https://amzn.to/2Ey7cPy
ACS712 current sensor: https://amzn.to/2Vmtut2
LM7805 Voltage Regulator: https://amzn.to/2IZEl5x
Potentiometer: https://amzn.to/2JSLbfg
330-ohm resistors pack: https://amzn.to/2NtlAeh
5v 2A adaptor: https://amzn.to/2GsNfcw
2n2222 NPN transistors: https://amzn.to/2EmXsIb
10k Resistor: https://amzn.to/2KTd6OW
lm7805 Voltage Regulator: https://amzn.to/2IZEl5x
330-ohm resistors pack: https://amzn.to/2NtlAeh
female DC power jack socket: https://amzn.to/2KEo1gt
470uf capacitors: https://amzn.to/2xDCOzf
5×7 cm Vero board: https://amzn.to/2OHGbvn
female headers: https://amzn.to/2zqmtiJ
connection wires: https://amzn.to/2DpBuW7
Super Starter kit for Beginners: https://amzn.to/2KJvmKG
Jumper Wires: https://amzn.to/2KMoVXs
Bread Board: https://amzn.to/2MS4q8X
12v Adaptor: https://amzn.to/2Ntr6h1
PCB plate: https://amzn.to/2IUwpCt
Variable Supply: https://amzn.to/2MT4Qfj
Digital Multimeter: https://amzn.to/2Nvft9i
Vero Board / stripboard: https://amzn.to/2MTf9jD
Soldering iron kit: “best” You guys should definitely purchase this: https://amzn.to/2zfoNuJ
Solder wire: https://amzn.to/2ufUMWf
Wire Stripper: https://amzn.to/2KOqxfU
wirecutter: https://amzn.to/2ucIq14
PCB small portable drill machine: https://amzn.to/2Nu62XF

DISCLAIMER:

Please Note: these are affiliate links. I may make a commission if you buy the components through these links. I would appreciate your support in this way!



3 phase transformer

These are the 3 transformers fixed on the hard board and as you can see all the transformers has different loops.

3 phase transformer

These three wires are the neutral wires and will be connected together.

3 phase transformer

while these three wires are the input live wires and will also be connected together.

3 phase transformer

Then we will check the voltage on all the loops, and select the ones which has 220 or 230 volts, which will be then used as the Red , Yellow, and Blue phases for the demonstration purposes.


3 phase transformer

For the easy soldering first remove  thin layer of insulation.

3 phase transformer

Connect the neutral wires together.

3 phase transformer

Now we will connect the input live wires together, after all the wires are connected together then use the insulation tape, and make sure there is no bare wire.Connect the live and neutral wires with the pvc strip connector

3 phase transformer


3 phase transformer

The meter is set on 750 volts ac.

3 phase transformer

Don’t touch these wires when the transformers are turned ON.

3 phase transformer

Connect one test lead with the neutral and connect the other test lead with the output.

3 phase transformer

3 phase transformer

3 phase transformer

As you can see all the three phases has 225 volts. we are done with the testing and all the transformers are working.



3 phase transformer

We will be using only these three loops as the 3 phases, Red, Yellow, and Blue. I Soldered three wires and connected these wires with the PVC Strip connector. our three phase transformer prototype model is ready and can be used to power up some loads. Now let’s start working on the current sensors and Arduino.

3 phase transformer

First of all fix all the components on the hard board, and then connect the PVC Strip connectors with the ACS712 current sensors as you can see in the picture below.


3 phase transformer

3 phase transformer

Connect the ground pins of all the current sensors together and then connect it with the Arduino’s ground.

3 phase transformer

Now connect the VCC pins of all the current sensors together and then connect it with the Arduino’s 5v.

3 phase transformer

Connect the output pins of all the current sensors with the Arduino’s Analog pins A1, A2 and A3.

3 phase transformer

All the connections are done.

3 phase transformer

I will connect three hundred watt bulbs over here for the demonstration purposes and monitor the load on the computer screen using a computer application designed in VB.net. Now let’s discuss the Arduino Programming.


3 Phase Transformer Load Monitoring Arduino Programming:

This is the same program which I used in my previous project based on the over load monitoring and protection system.

Over load monitoring and Protection using Arduino & ACS712 Current sensor

https://www.electroniclinic.com/over-load-monitoring-and-protection-using-arduino-acs712-current-sensor/

As this project is based on three phase load monitoring system and this time I am using three current sensors, so I defined pins for two more current sensors…

Three current sensors are connected with the analog pins 1, 2 and 3…

 Defined three variables of the type string for storing the RMS values…

Created a user defined function with the name RYB and added all the RMS values together using comma as the delimiter and then the complete message is sent to the computer application using the serial.println function…

while rest of the program remains the same



3 Phase Transformer Load Monitoring VB.net Application Programming:

I have used vb.net with Arduino in so many other projects,  and also I have some getting started tutorials on vb.net in which I explained how to add text boxes, labels , timers etc and how to do serial communication. You can check out the playlist on my YouTube channel  “Electronic Clinic” by clicking on the link below:

Desktop Applications Designing Playlist:

3 phase transformer

As you can see this application as few components

4 text boxes, with names textbox1, textbox2, textbox3, and textbox4.

Three labels, red, yellow and blue.

A serial port and a timer.

The timer interval is set to 3000 milli seconds, which are equal to 3 seconds.

To open the coding double click on the form.

3 phase transformer

We start by importing the system.io and system.io.port…

this code is for the serial port, 32 is the port number on which the Arduino is installed while 9600 is the baud rate, the same baud rate should be used on the Arduino side, otherwise the communication will not work.

3 phase transformer

This code is executed every three seconds and the purpose of this code is to split the entire message and display the values in text boxes labeled with red, yellow, and blue.

3 phase transformer

While the datareceived function is used to receive the data from Arduino. I have already explained this function in my previous tutorials. Check my playlist on desktop applications designing. So that’s it..


Vb.net application Programming:

For the Practical Demonstration watch the following video.

Watch Video Tutorial:

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About the Author: Engr Fahad

My name is Shahzada Fahad and I am an Electrical Engineer. I have been doing Job in UAE as a site engineer in an Electrical Construction Company. Currently, I am running my own YouTube channel "Electronic Clinic", and managing this Website. My Hobbies are * Watching Movies * Music * Martial Arts * Photography * Travelling * Make Sketches and so on...

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