Android HMI Development, Description:
Android HMI development– In this tutorial, you will learn how to control a 5 inch TFT HMI touch screen wirelessly using the Hc-05 or Hc-06 Bluetooth module and an android cell phone. This is a dual control system, the relays can be controlled using the HMI touch screen and can also be controlled using your android cell phone.
Any load which is turned on using the HMI touch screen can be turned off using the cell phone application, and any load which is turned on using the android cell phone application can also be turned off using the HMI TFT touch screen.
With the help of this project “Android HMI development” you can also monitor the sensor values on the screen and also in the application.
Android HMI development project is entirely based on my previous three tutorials. In first tutorial, I created one button to control an led and display the on time of a controller in seconds. In this tutorial I covered all the basic functions.
In the second tutorial, I converted two images and then displayed those images on the LCD. This tutorial is really important and explains how Pictures can be displayed on the HMI TFT touch screen.
While in the third tutorial I combined the techniques used in the first two tutorials, the sensor values as you can see on the screen are actually the images which I converted; in the second tutorial, I explained the image conversion in very detail.
So I highly recommend before you start working on the Android HMI development project you should watch my previous three tutorials otherwise you won’t be able to make this project. For the detailed discussion and explanation watch video tutorial given at the end. Without any further delay, let’s get started!!!
Other Tools and Components:
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This Android HMI development Project is the modified version of the project which I explained in third tutorial. As you can see the GUI application is exactly the same, I am using the same relay module and the same variable resistor. In this project I made only three changes.
- I added a Bluetooth module with serial port 3.if you don’t know how to use the hc-05 or hc-06 Bluetooth module, then you should watch my getting started tutorial on how to use the Bluetooth module, in which I explained everything in very detail, like for example, how to change the name of the Bluetooth module, how to change the pin code or password etc. You can find this in the related projects section given at the end.
- I made a very little change in the controller programming, so that I can communicate with the HMI touch screen using my android cell phone. So in this project I will not explain the entire program, because I have already explained this program in my third tutorial on HMI touch screen. But I will explain the changes which I made.
- I fixed all the components on the hard board.
Circuit Diagram of Android HMI:
This is the circuit diagram of the relay module, if in case you want to make your own Relay module; otherwise you can purchase a readymade relay Module, Rest of the connections are already explained in my previous tutorials. Watch all the three tutorials given above.
Programming of the HMI Touch Screen:
Android HMI development Program Explanation:
Once again I want to tell you if you didn’t watch my previous three tutorials, then stop over here, first watch those tutorials, and then you can resume from here. As you can see it’s a very long program, but trust me it’s really easy, and I am not going explain each and every instruction, because all of the functions used in this program, I have already explained it in my previous three tutorials. Now let me show you the changes which I made. One more thing; make sure you use the higher version of the Arduino IDE, I am using 1.6.5 version.
All the variables, buttons coordinates and functions are exactly the same I didn’t make any changes. The first change which I made was in the void setup function. I activated the Serial port 3, as my Bluetooth module is connected with serial port 3 and as you can see 9600 is the baud rate. So this is the only change that I made in the void setup function.
In every button function, I added serial3.println function to send the devices on and off information to the android cell phone application, as you can see for button1 I am sending device1 on , and device1 off and so On for the remaining buttons. The advantage of adding this instruction is that, when you press the button on the HMI touch screen it also send the information to the android cell phone application. This way you can know if someone turns on or turns off any load.
Then I made another change to send the sensor value to the android application. Now here comes the most important change.
if(Serial3.available()>0) if the mega has received data on serial port3 then simply read the serial port 3 and store the value in bdata. Bdata is a variable which is already defined above. Then we simply compare the value stored in bdata with the value which is stored in password1. If both are equal then we simply execute these instructions. These instructions are exactly the same which are used in the button functions, so I am using the same exact instructions. Because, I want to change the caption on the buttons. So when I press a button in my cell phone application, this way It can change the button caption on the HMI touch screen. So this way on the HMI screen you can control the writing on buttons from ON to OFF or from OFF to ON . I am doing the same exact thing for all the buttons.
Download Program and all the needed things:control hmi tft touch screen using android cell phone