Raspberry Pi Home Automation using RC522 RFID, Smart Home

(Last Updated On: November 17, 2019)

Raspberry Pi Home Automation

Description:

Raspberry Pi Home Automation- In this tutorial, you will learn how to make a Home or Office automation system using Raspberry Pi 3 b+, MFRC522 RFID reader, 5.5 inches Oled HDMI Touchscreen, RFID tags, and a 3 channel relay module. For the demonstration purposes, I have connected 220Vac light bulbs which of course you can replace with any other electrical loads which you want to control using the RFID tags. The whole system works perfectly, there is no false triggering and the load status is displayed on the 5.5-inch Oled Capacitive Touch Screen.

The Raspberry Pi Home Automation programming is done using the thonny IDE. This project can be easily modified, more relays can be connected which can be used to control the DC loads as well. This way you can make a smart home or office automation system. This project is entirely based on my previous tutorial, which covers the extreme basics, like for example

How to activate the SPI, How to download and install different packages for the MFRC522 RFID module, and how to write some basics python scripts for reading the tags. I highly recommend you should definitely read my previous article by clicking on the link given below.

Raspberry Pi RFID RC522 NFC Reader, Tags Scanner python code “https://www.electroniclinic.com/raspberry-pi-rfid-rc522-nfc-reader-tags-scanner-python-code/

The components used in this project are sponsored by the DFrobot. DFrobot is a leading robotics and open source hardware provider. They create innovative, user-friendly hardware & software products that become the building blocks in all kinds of electronic projects. I personally recommend you should definitely visit www.dfrobot.com.

Caution! While everything is powered up, never touch the backside of the relay module as 220Vac can be really dangerous. I recommend you should wear protective gloves.

Without any further delay let’s get started!!!


The components and tools used in this project can be purchased from DFrobot and Amazon, the components purchase links are given in the description.

DFrobot components purchase links:

Raspberry pi 3 b+: https://bit.ly/2QmJw6Y
Night Vision Camera: https://bit.ly/2q6R2bv
5.5 inch HDMI Oled capacitive Touchscreen: https://bit.ly/2Kq6OoP
Wireless Keyboard and Mouse Combo: https://bit.ly/2po2FKJ

Amazon Purchase links:

MFRC522 RFID reader and tags: https://amzn.to/371HD5y
5.5 inch HDMI touch LCD: https://amzn.to/2ZKOMCu
Raspberry Pi 3 B+ https://amzn.to/2LigNNP
Wireless Keyboard and Mouse Combo “Black Color”: https://amzn.to/2MPf5p3
Night vision Camera for Raspberry Pi: https://amzn.to/2LdUg4x
LM7805 Voltage Regulator: https://amzn.to/2IZEl5x
Potentiometer: https://amzn.to/2JSLbfg
330 ohm resistors pack: https://amzn.to/2NtlAeh
5v 2A adaptor: https://amzn.to/2GsNfcw
2n2222 npn transistors: https://amzn.to/2EmXsIb
10k Resistor: https://amzn.to/2KTd6OW
lm7805 Voltage Regulator: https://amzn.to/2IZEl5x
330-ohm resistors pack: https://amzn.to/2NtlAeh
LDR pack: https://amzn.to/2m2khGR
female DC power jack socket: https://amzn.to/2KEo1gt
470 uf capacitors: https://amzn.to/2xDCOzf
5×7 cm vero board: https://amzn.to/2OHGbvn
female headers: https://amzn.to/2zqmtiJ
connection wires: https://amzn.to/2DpBuW7
Super Starter kit for Beginners: https://amzn.to/2KJvmKG
Jumper Wires: https://amzn.to/2KMoVXs
Bread Board: https://amzn.to/2MS4q8X
12v Adaptor: https://amzn.to/2Ntr6h1
PCB plate: https://amzn.to/2IUwpCt
Variable Supply: https://amzn.to/2MT4Qfj
Digital Multimeter: https://amzn.to/2Nvft9i
Vero Board / stripboard: https://amzn.to/2MTf9jD
Soldering iron kit: “best” You guys should definitely purchase this: https://amzn.to/2zfoNuJ
Solder wire: https://amzn.to/2ufUMWf
Wire Stripper: https://amzn.to/2KOqxfU
wirecutter: https://amzn.to/2ucIq14
PCB small portable drill machine: https://amzn.to/2Nu62XF

*Please Note: These are affiliate links. I may make a commission if you buy the components through these links. I would appreciate your support in this way!


5.5-inch touch screen interfacing with Raspberry Pi:

Raspberry Pi Home Automation
Raspberry Pi Home Automation using RC522 RFID, Smart Home

The 5.5inch Oled touch screen is powered up using the Raspberry Pi USB port. The LCD is connected with the HDMI port of the Raspberry Pi using the HDMI Adaptor.

I have a very basic getting started tutorial in which you will learn how to connect a 5.5 inch HDMI Oled capacitive touch screen LCD, wifi keyboard, Mouse and a night vision camera with Raspberry pi 3 b+. This tutorial will help you with screen display resolution configuration.

 


RFID & Relay Module connection with Raspberry Pi:

Raspberry Pi Home Automation

The MFRC522 RFID module connection with the Raspberry Pi is very simple. Pin number 1 of the Raspberry Pi which is the 3.3v pin is connected with the VCC pin of the MFRC522 RFID module, Pin number 6 is connected with the Ground, pin number 19 is connected with the mosi pin of the RC522 RFID module, pin number 21 of the Raspberry Pi is connected with the MISO pin of the RFID module, pin number 22 is connected with the RST pin of the RFID module, pin number 23 is connected with the SCK pin of the RFID module, and pin number 24 of the Raspberry Pi is connected with the SDA pin of the MFRC522 RFID module.

The 3 channel relay module is connected with the Raspberry Pi GPIO pins 11, 12, and 13. I designed this relay module, but if you want you can use a readymade relay module.


Relay Module Circuit Diagram:

Raspberry Pi Home Automation

This is the circuit diagram of the relay module used in this project, if in case you want to make your own relay module. All the relays used in this project are of the type SPDT 12V. Each relay is controlled using the driver which consists of the 2n2222 NPN transistor and a 10k ohm resistor. Pins 1 and 2 are the coil pins of the relays, while the remaining three pins of the relay are NO ”normally Open”, NC ”Normally Closed”, and C ”Common”.

One side of the relay coil is connected with the 12 volts while the other side of the relay coil is connected with collector of the 2n2222 NPN transistor. 1n4007 diodes are connected across the relay coil pins. These diodes are used against the back EMF protection.


Relay Interfacing with Raspberry Pi:

Raspberry Pi Home Automation

This is a 3 channel relay module that is powered up using a 12v adaptor. Three wires from the relay module are connected with the Raspberry pi GPIO Pins 11, 12, and 13 as already explained. Make sure you connect the relay module ground with the ground pin of the Raspberry Pi.

Raspberry Pi Home Automation

After you are done with all the connections, the next step is to start the programming.


Raspberry Pi Home Automation Python Code:

The Raspberry Pi Home Automation project is based on two programs. One program is written for reading the RFID tags and assigning the names. While the other program is written for controlling the loads. These programs are written in Thonny IDE.


Run this program. write the name you want to assign to the RFID Tag, then hold the tag near the RFID reader. Repeat this for the remaining two tags. I assigned the names load1, load2, and load3.


After I was done with the programming, first I checked my programming on LEDs, I was able to control the LEDs using the RFID Tags.

Raspberry Pi Home Automation

After I was satisfied with the programming, then I connected the relay module and 220Vac Bulbs. I successfully controlled all three bulbs. With this my Raspberry Pi Home Automation project comes to an end. If you have any questions let me know in a comment. For the practical demonstration watch video given below.

Don’t forget to Subscriber to my website and YouTube channel.



Watch Video Tutorial:

 

 

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About the Author: Engr Fahad

My name is Shahzada Fahad and I am an Electrical Engineer. I have been doing Job in UAE as a site engineer in an Electrical Construction Company. Currently, I am running my own YouTube channel "Electronic Clinic", and managing this Website. My Hobbies are * Watching Movies * Music * Martial Arts * Photography * Travelling * Make Sketches and so on...

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