Microwave Sensor with Arduino for humans and objects detection behind walls

(Last Updated On: January 30, 2022)

Microwave Sensor with Arduino, Description:

microwave sensor

Microwave Sensor with Arduino for humans and objects detection behind walls–  I have made so many basic, intermediate, and advanced level security systems and lights control systems; but the security system and the light control system that I am going to make today is just at another level.

microwave sensor

I am going to use this digital Microwave Sensor with Arduino for moving humans and objects detection behind the walls. This digital microwave Sensor uses doppler radar to detect moving objects using microwaves. This differs from the method used by regular Infrared Sensor, Ultrasonics Sensor, PIR Sensor, TOF10120 sensor, etc. I have used all of these sensors in beginners, intermediate, and advanced level projects. I am not saying these sensors are bad but this microwave sensor is just at another level as the microwaves are sensitive to a variety of objects and the amazing thing is its sensor readings are not affected by ambient temperatures. So, that’s why, this type of sensor is widely used in industrial, transportation, and civil applications such as measuring liquid levels, automatic washing, measuring a vehicle’s speed, automatic door motion detection,car reversing, production line material detection, automatic lights control system, high level security systems, and so on.

As you know Microwaves can penetrate through walls, so, I am going to use this digital microwave sensor for humans and objects detection behind the walls.

Since, I am using this digital microwave sensor for the first time, so that’s why I decided to start with a very basic project that is to control a light whenever there is any movement. This can be a street light, or a corridor light, or your lawn lights, or a light inside a room. It totally depends on your application. This microwave sensor is simply perfect for indoor and outdoor applications.

microwave sensor

PIR sensor is quite famous for motion detection but you know it fails in outdoor applications during the daytime just because of the Sun’s infrared light and temperature. But the infrared light and temperature has no affect on the microwave sensor. You can see it’s working just perfectly, the light ON time duration can be changed as per the requirement. So, if you are planning of making a high-level lights control system then you should definitely use this microwave sensor. Now, in this next example, I am going to demonstrate how to detect moving objects or humans behind the walls.

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microwave sensor

For this next example, I interfaced with this OLED display module for displaying the number of interrupts generated within 3 seconds. These interrupts are only generated when there are any moving objects or humans. So, a higher value means lots of movements. This microwave sensor has a distance range of 2 to 16 meters which can be adjusted using this blue color potentiometer. So, let’s go ahead and fix this microwave sensor on the door and let’s see if it can detect my brother, while fixing the sensor make sure the front of the sensor is towards the detection area.

microwave sensor

This is simply amazing. This microwave sensor successfully detected my brother inside the room. How about fixing this sensor inside? When there is someone at the door you will be notified, for this, you can interface a small buzzer with the Arduino. Now, let’s go ahead and check this sensor with the wall.

microwave sensor

This is pretty awesome; it has passed all the tests. For this test, I set the detection range to the maximum value. Now, you can convert this project into some high-level security system by adding a GSM module and this way you will get a notification on your cell phone. You can also use this microwave sensor with ESP32 and ESP8266 and this way you can get notifications on your cell phone using IoT platforms like the Blynk application, Thingspeak, ubidots, Telegram, etc. Now, I am going to share with you the technical specifications, circuit diagrams, and programming. Without any further delay, let’s get started!!!

Amazon and DFrobot Links:

Gravity Microwave Sensor from DFrobot

Gravity Microwave Sensor V2.0

12v Adaptor:

Arduino Uno

Arduino Nano

SSD1306 128×64 Oled i2c display Module

Other Tools and Components:

Top Arduino Sensors:

Super Starter kit for Beginners

Digital Oscilloscopes

Variable Supply

Digital Multimeter

Soldering iron kits

PCB small portable drill machines

*Please Note: These are affiliate links. I may make a commission if you buy the components through these links. I would appreciate your support in this way!

Digital Microwave Sensor V2.0:

microwave sensor

This is the Gravity Digital Microwave Sensor V2.0 from the DFrobot. This microwave sensor is able to detect objects without physical contact. Its readings are not affected by temperature, humidity, noise, air, dust, or light which makes it suitable for harsh environments. This sensor also has strong resistance to radio frequency interference. Due to it’s low output, it’s not harmful to the human body. Since this sensor uses microwaves and you know microwaves have a wide detection range and velocity equal to the speed of light. This digital microwave sensor also supports non-life-class object detection.

It’s working voltage is 5 volts.

Working current is 60mA maximum and 37mA typical.

The detection range is from 2 meters to 16 meters which is adjustable. You can use this blue color potentiometer to set the detection range.

The angle of detection is 72 degrees with the antenna in a parallel direction and the vertical direction of the antenna is 36 degrees. For other technical specifications read my article available on electroniclinic.com I will provide a link in the description.

  • Emission:
    • Detection Distance: 2-16M continuously adjustable
    • Emission Frequency: 10.525 GHz
    • Precision Frequency Setting: 3MHz
    • Output Power (Minimum): 13dBm EIRP
    • Harmonic Emission: < -10dBm
    • Average Current: 2mA typ.
    • Pulse Width (Min.): 5uSec
    • Load Cycle (Min.): 1%
  • Reception:
    • Sensitivity (10dB S/N ratio) 3Hz to 80Hz bandwidth: -86dBm
    • 3Hz to 80Hz Bandwidth Clutter: 10uV
    • Antenna Gain: 8dBi
    • Vertical 3dB Beam Width: 36 degrees
    • Level 3dB Beam Width: 72 degrees

The Red color LED is the power LED and the Yellow color LED is the Signal Indicator LED. The indicator LED remains off, when there are no moving objects. The indicator LED will only turn ON when the sensor detects a moving object. The Yellow color PCB is the Antenna surface.

The red wire is the 5V, Black wire is the GND, and Green wire is the output wire. Now, let’s take a look at the circuit diagram of the automatic light control system using this Microwave Sensor.

Automatic Light Control, Circuit Diagram:

microwave sensor

This is the circuit diagram of the Automatic Light Control system. The output pin of the microwave sensor is connected with the digital pin D2 of the Arduino while the +5v and GND pins are connected with the Arduino’s 5v and GND pins.

On the top left side is the regulated 5V power supply based on the LM7805 voltage regulator. J1 is the DC female power jack and this is where we connect a 12v adaptor, battery, or a solar panel.

On the right side is the 12v relay module which is connected with the digital pin 13 of the Arduino. This relay is used to control the bulb. You can see the neutral wire is directly connected with the bulb while the hot wire is connected with the bulb through this relay. Now, let’s take a look at the programming.

Before, you start the programming first of all, make sure you download this MsTimer2 library.

Automatic Light Control, Arduino Programming:

Now, let’s take a look at the circuit diagram of the moving objects and humans detection behind the walls.

Moving objects and humans detection circuit diagram:

microwave sensor

This time I removed the relay module and added the i2c supported SSD1306 Oled display module. The SCL and SDA pins of the Oled display module are connected with the A5 and A4 pins of the Arduino. While the microwave sensor connection with the Arduino remains exactly the same. Now, let’s take a look at the programming.

Download libraries for the SSD1306 Oled Display Module.

Microwave Sensor Arduino Programming:

Watch Video Tutorial:


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About the Author: Engr Fahad

My name is Shahzada Fahad and I am an Electrical Engineer. I have been doing Job in UAE as a site engineer in an Electrical Construction Company. Currently, I am running my own YouTube channel "Electronic Clinic", and managing this Website. My Hobbies are * Watching Movies * Music * Martial Arts * Photography * Travelling * Make Sketches and so on...

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