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ESP8266

Invisible Security System using Microwaves Sensor and Sinric Pro, Unbreakable

Invisible Security System:

Invisible Security System

Invisible Security System using ESP8266, DFRobot Gravity Digital Microwave Sensor, and Sinric Pro IoT Mobile Application-I am sure you might have seen the best security systems in real life and in movies, but the Security system that I have designed for you guys is going to blow your mind as it’s completely invisible. If you are thinking about lasers and hidden cameras then you are absolutely wrong because those are detectable.

My invisible security system is not physically visible, it can be inside a wall, or it may be inside drawers, or maybe inside a cupboard. So, how anyone can break such a security system that’s not physically visible, undetectable by infrared glasses, night vision cameras, etc. So, this makes my designed security system unbreakable. 




Anyway,I installed my invisible security system in the workshop. And I asked my brother and cousins to go and steal something from my workshop without being detected by the security system. I used my cell phone application to activate the Security system.

Invisible Security System

Just with a single click I can enable and disable my invisible security system. Now, this is a very powerful feature, I don’t have to physically approach the security system in order to enable it or disable it.They tried multiple times and tried different techniques but they were unable to break the Invisible security system.

Each time they entered the workshop, my designed invisible security system immediately detected them.

Invisible Security System

For practical demonstration watch my video available on my YouTube channel Electronic Clinic.



Anyway, I disabled my Invisible security system using my cell phone and I told them to search for it. As expected they searched all the drawers, they looked for it behind the curtains, and they even researched for it behind the TV. They were also looking for any holes, I guess they might have been expecting something similar to a PIR Sensor, or Infrared sensor, or Ultrasonic Sensor, etc. I have no idea what they have been thinking about.

Anyway, the time they were searching for the security system. They completely ignored this box, and you won’t believe!it’s inside this box.

Invisible Security System

You can see there are no holes. The sensor that I have used for building this invisible security system uses Microwaves and you know microwaves can penetrate through walls, wood sheets, cardboard sheets etc. Instead of keeping this security system inside this box, I can fix it anywhere. Let me open this box and explain how I build this invisible security system.

Invisible Security System

I am using my designed 3S Lithium Ion battery pack for powering the Nodemcu ESP8266 Development board.



Invisible Security System

I am using the Gravity Digital Microwave Sensor V2.0 from the Dfrobot. This microwave sensor is able to detect objects without physical contact. It’s readings are not affected by temperature, humidity, noise, air, dust, or light which makes it suitable for harsh environments. This sensor also has strong resistance to radio frequency interference. Due to its low output, it’s not harmful to the human body. Since this sensor uses microwaves and you know microwaves have a wide detection range and velocity equal to the speed of light. This digital microwave sensor also supports non-life-class object detection. I have already used it with Arduino; so, for more technical specifications and basic things you can read my article on Arduino and digital Microwave sensor.

Invisible Security System

This time round I am using this Digital Microwave Sensor with ESP8266 WiFi module and I am using the Sinric Pro Cell phone application for monitoring. So, basically, it is an IoT-based Invisible security system. And by the way, if you have never used the Sinric Pro IoT platform then I highly recommend read my getting started article on the Sinric Pro IoT Platform.



Altium Designer + Altium 365 + Octopart:

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Amazon Links:

DFRobot Gravity Digital Microwave Sensor

Nodemcu ESP8266 WiFi Module

Other Tools and Components:

Top Arduino Sensors:

Super Starter kit for Beginners

Digital Oscilloscopes

Variable Supply

Digital Multimeter

Soldering iron kits

PCB small portable drill machines

*Please Note: These are affiliate links. I may make a commission if you buy the components through these links. I would appreciate your support in this way!

Gravity Digital Microwave sensor:

The microwave sensor applies the Doppler effect to detect moving objects using microwaves. This differs from the method used by a regular infrared (IR) sensor as microwave is sensitive to a variety of objects that are microwave-reflective, and its sensor readings are not affected by the ambient temperature.

Invisible Security System

This type of microwave sensor is widely used in industrial, transportation, and civil applications such as measuring vehicle speed, liquid levels, automatic door motion detection, automatic washing, production line material detection and car reversing sensors, etc.

The microwave detection method has the following advantages compared to other methods:

  • Non-contact detection
  • Readings not affected by temperature, humidity, noise, air, dust or light – suitable for harsh environments
  • Strong resistance to radio frequency interference
  • Low output, unharmful to human
  • Wide detection range and high velocity
  • Supports non-living object detection



APPLICATIONS

The microwave sensor can be useful together with other sensors to enhance its measurement accuracy. For example, Microwave sensor could decrease the pseudo fault report rate of human motion detection. And it does a good job in safety & security work

SPECIFICATION

  • Working Voltage: 5V + 0.25V
  • Working Current (CW): 60mA max., 37mA typical
  • Interface: Gravity 3-Pin interface(Digital)
  • Size: 48.5x63mm
  • Emission parameters:
  • Detection Distance: 2-16M continuously adjustable
  • Emission Frequency: 10.525 GHz
  • Precision Frequency Setting: 3MHz
  • Output Power (minimum): 13dBm EIRP
  • Harmonic Emission: < -10dBm
  • Average Current (5%DC): 2mA typ.
  • Pulse Width (Min.): 5uSec
  • Load Cycle (Min.): 1%
  • Reception Parameters:
  • Sensitivity:(10dB S/N ratio) 3Hz to 80Hz
  • Bandwidth: -86dBm
  • 3Hz to 80Hz Bandwidth Clutter: 10uV
  • Antenna Gain: 8dBi
  • Vertical 3dB Beam Width: 36 degrees
  • Level 3dB Beam Width: 72 degrees

Now, let’s take a look at the circuit diagram.



Invisible Security System, Circuit Diagram:

Invisible Security System

The circuit diagram is very simple. You can see the Output of the Microwave sensor is connected to the digital Pin D5 of the Nodemcu ESP8266 WiFi module. While the +5v and GND pins are connected to the ESP8266 3.3v and GND pins.

On the top left side is the regulated 5V power supply based on the LM7805 voltage regulator. J1 is the DC female power jack and this is where we connect a 12v adaptor or a battery. If you want to use a 3.7V lithium Ion battery or 3.7V Lipo battery then there is no need to add this 5V power supply.

Invisible Security System

The reason, I have added this 5V regulated power supply is that; this is a development board and I use it for testing my ESP8266-based projects and mostly I use 12V adaptors or my designed 4S and 3S Lithium Ion Battery packs. I have got plenty of these battery packs. So, for the demonstration purposes I am going to use 3S lithium Ion Battery Pack. If want to make the same 3S and 4S lithium Ion batteries packs then you can read my article on how to make 3S and 4S lithium Ion Battery Packs.

Download ESP8266 PCB Gerber Files:

Anyway, I connected my Digital Microwave sensor as per the circuit diagram and now let’s start with the Sinric Pro setup.



Sinric Pro Web Dashboard design:

Login into your Sinric Pro account and click on the devices. If you want to learn how to register a free account then you should read my getting started article on the Sinric Pro.

Invisible Security System

While the Devices is selected, click on the Add Device Button and Fill all the details.

Invisible Security System

Then click on the device type and select the motion sensor

Invisible Security System

Then click on the next button

Invisible Security System

On the Notifications Tab, you can enable notifications for Alerts and when the device is connected or disconnected and when the device is turned ON or turned OFF. For now, I am going to continue with only the Alerts being enabled, so I am going to click on the Next button.

Invisible Security System

Then in the timers click on the next

Invisible Security System




Finally, click on the Save button.

Invisible Security System

Our device is ready and now we will connect it to Nodemcu ESP8266 WiFi module. For this we will use the Device ID, App Key, and App Secret in the programming. For this, start by copying the Device Id, open the programming and past it next to the MOTIONSENSOR_ID. And follow the same exact steps for the App Key and App Secret.

Invisible Security System

Now open the motion sensor example in the Arduino ide.

Invisible Security System

If you don’t see SinricPro in Examples, it means you have not installed the Sinric Pro library. To install the Sinric Pro Library read my previous article on the Sinric Pro. Once, you have installed the Sinric Pro library then you will be able to find the SinricPro. So Go ahead and open the MotionSensor example and paste the Credentials.

Invisible Security System



Invisible Security system Project Code:

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Now, after you have setup everything correctly. Finally, you can upload the program. Make sure you have installed the Nodemcu ESP8266 Board; if not, then ready my article on how to get started with Nodemcu ESP8266. In this article, I have explained how to install the Nodemcu ESP8266 board manager URL link.



Anyway, after you have successfully upload the program. Make sure your WiFi is ON and your Nodemcu ESP8266 is connected to it. Go back to Sinric Pro. You can see 1 device is online and now if I move my hand it will detect my movement and here it is, it just detected me.

Invisible Security System

Download and install the Sinric Pro cell phone application and login with your registered email id and that’s it. You will get a readymade APP, you don’t have to do any settings. If you want to make any changes you can go back to your Sinric Pro Dashboard. Any changes you will make in the dashboard will automatically reflect on the Sinric Pro Mobile Application.

Invisible Security System

Now, I can monitor my workshop from any part of the world. So, if in case I receive any notifications, I can call my brother to go and check if there is someone. So, that’s all for now. 

For Practical Demonstration watch video tutorial.

Watch Video Tutorial:

 

Engr Fahad

My name is Shahzada Fahad and I am an Electrical Engineer. I have been doing Job in UAE as a site engineer in an Electrical Construction Company. Currently, I am running my own YouTube channel "Electronic Clinic", and managing this Website. My Hobbies are * Watching Movies * Music * Martial Arts * Photography * Travelling * Make Sketches and so on...

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